"Water-Borne Electromagnetic Signals: the Heart of Homeopathy and

Spark of Life"


Dr Jacques Benveniste

and  Didier Guillonnet, Digital Biology Laboratory, Paris, France.  June 2002



Our present research follows what has been named "the memory of water". First we empirically observed that highly dilute (i.e. in the absence of any  physical molecule) biological agents triggered relevant biological systems. Some of these experiments were reproduced in three external laboratories who cosigned an article on the subject (Nature, 1988, 333, 816-818). Next, blind experiments with an external team (C.N.R.S.-Meudon, France) showed that the activity of highly dilute agonists were abolished by an oscillating magnetic field which had no comparable effect on the genuine molecules. Later, several hundred experiments have confirmed our ability to transfer to water, using an amplifier (Medical Hypotheses, 2000, 54, 33-39), the specific molecular activity of more than 50 substances, such as physiological and pharmacological agonists, antibodies (purified or in whole serum), antigens and even the specific signal of bacteria. In our most recent experiments, we digitally recorded (sampling 44 kHz) specific biological activities on a computer. When "replayed" to water, plasma, target organs, cells, or to an antigen‑antibody reaction, the recorded signal induces an effect characteristic of the original substance.


Using this methodology, we are able to detect the biological activity carried by homeopathic products.


These results strongly suggest the electromagnetic nature of the molecular signal, heretofore unknown. This signal, that is "memorized" and then carried by water, most likely enables in vivo transmission of the specific molecular information between two functional biomolecules. We have recently obtained direct evidence for the critical role of water in the transmission of the molecular signal, at usual concentration as well as at high dilution. Homeopaths have empirically taken advantage of this. Also, electromagnetic communication between matching molecules may explain the effects of electromagnetic fields on living systems, either for therapeutic purposes or as environmental hazards. 


We have started the international replication of recording and transfer of the molecular signal since we now have at our disposal a much simpler method than in our previous attempts. This method comprises 3 steps: 1) inform water. The computer-recorded signals of either an anticoagulant or water (the latter as control) will be sent by e-mail to the participants who will Areplay@ them to water; 2) mix informed water with plasma or fibrinogen; 3) assess coagulation by monitoring the increase in optical density using a standard microplate reader. Water informed with the anticoagulant signal and then added to plasma or fibrinogen slows down coagulation compared to control-informed water.


We have also developed an automatic analyzer which performs the whole technique without human intervention. We are thus able to explore the influence of the operator on the experimental system. The latter data will be discussed. They show that the variability generally attributed to high dilution and homeopathic experiments are in fact due to external influences. This points out the utmost importance in this domain of fundamental research, which has largely been overlooked up to now.


At the least, these advances illustrate the reality of the high dilution phenomenon and allow for the transmission and detection at a distance of any normal or pathological molecular activity. They should lead to the development of a quality control of homeopathic products and even to the production of such products solely using digital recordings. At most, by physically identifying the nature of the molecular signal and the role of perimolecular water in its transmission, they could profoundly change biology and medicine.